QUESTION:1. List possible rights of prisoners and identify the legal instruments for the protection of prisoners (National, Regional and international) Prisoners are humans, so the deprivation of some of their rights does not mean the deprivation of their human dignity. Thus accordingly have enjoy some provided under our various laws National, Regional and International. That right includes the following; i.
RIGHTS TO LIFE: a prisoner has the right to life and it is fundamental and foundational to every person. It is therefore the basis for other rights. Thus it is in accordance with the provisions of Chapter four of 1999 constitution of Nigeria (as amended). See the case of BELLO V. AG FEDERATION where the supreme court held that the execution on the approval of the state military governorof a prisoner whose case is still on appeal was in violation of his right to life. ii.
RIGHT TO REMOVAL OR RELOCATION: a prisoner has the right to be removed or relocated to another prison if the prison is congested or there is a disease outbreak. iii.
RIGHTS TO MEDICAL CARE: a prisoner who is sick has the right to medical care. iv.
RIGHT TO MENTAL CURE: a prisoner who is insane is entitled to be removed to mental hospital until he becomes mentally sound. RIGHT OF DISCHARGE: a prisoner who has completed his term of sentence has the right to be discharged and be sent back to his place of living. v.
RIGHT TO CLEAN AND HEALTHY ACCOMMODATION.
RIGHT TO MAKE COMPLAINTS.
However in the international level of prisons protection laws, the UN has adopted some principles granting some right to prisoner. For example The United Nation Standard Minimum Rules for the treatment of prisoner has made the minimum standard rules for the adoption and application of countries. The rules include the following; i.
No discrimination on the grounds of race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, nation or social origin, property, birth or other status. This makes it...
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