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Topics: Sleep, Sleep disorder, Sleep medicine Pages: 12 (3472 words) Published: October 18, 2013
Chapter 1
Introduction
Sleep is a naturally recurring state characterized by reduced or absent consciousness, relatively suspended sensory activity, and inactivity of nearly all voluntary muscles. It is distinguished from wakefulness by a decreased ability to react to stimuli, and is more easily reversible than being in hibernation or a coma. The purposes and mechanisms of sleep are only partially clear and the subject of substantial ongoing research. Sleep is sometimes thought to help conserve energy, though this theory is not fully adequate as it only decreases metabolism by about 5–10%. Additionally it is observed that mammals require sleep even during the hypometabolic state of hibernation, in which circumstance it is actually a net loss of energy as the animal returns from hypothermia to euthermia in order to sleep (Wikipedia). Sleep is a vital component of health. It is essential for mental and physical well being and is crucial for rejuvenation of the body. Impaired sleep quality can result in harmful effects on mental and physical well being. Impaired or disrupted sleep has been shown to cause poor concentration, reduced energy levels, altered immune function, poor wound healing, mood changes (increased impatience and irritability), increased risk of depression or anxiety, and a higher occurrence of accidents and falls, especially in the elderly (Lee, 2003; Hill, Cumming, Lewis, Carrington & Couteur, 2007). Objective of the Study

This study aims to determine the sleeping behavior of the Students of AMA Fairview Section IM. Upon gathering the data the researcher will select few respondents from the section itself.

Statement of the Problem
The main objective of the study is to determine the sleeping habits of AMA Fairview students section IM. Specifically, it attempted to answer the following questions: 1.What are the Sleeping habits of the Section IM Students of AMA Fairview in terms of:

a.Gender
b.Age
Hypothesis
The following hypotheses were tested in this study:
There is no significant difference in the sleeping habits of AMA Fairview students section IM when they are classified according to: 1.Gender
2.Age
There is significant difference in the sleeping habits of AMA Fairview students section IM when they are classified according to: 1.Gender
2.Age
Theoritical Framework
The theoretical framework used for this study is Bandura’s Social Cognitive Theory (SCT). The SCT was developed in 1977 by Bandura from the Theory of Social Learning by adding the self-efficacy factor (Perry, Baranowske & Parcel, 1990). Bandura recognized that human behavior was complex, multifaceted, and could be easily shaped by outside factors (Perry et al., 1990). This theory describes a process called reciprocal determinism in which the person, environment, and behavior are continually interactive with each affecting the other (Bandura, 2001). Personal factors affecting human behavior could be in the form of cognition, affect, or biologic events. Environmental factors could 9 be either the social environment, which includes family and friends, or the physical environment (Bandura 2001). Bandura viewed human functioning as a constant interplay between person, environment, and behaviors and believed they were a continual influence upon each other. His view of human functioning takes into account that people are vicarious learners and can be proactive, self-regulating, and self-reflective (Bandura, 2001). Bandura theorized people have a strong capacity to evaluate and postulate outcomes of actions based on prior experience and by observing behaviors of other people (Perry et al., 1990). People are able to reflect on their experiences and, depending on their internal values and beliefs, persuasion from others and self logic, they will either repeat the behavior or change it (Bandura, 2001). Through this self-regulatory process, acceptable behaviors are usually reinforced by peers, friends, and family, and behaviors...
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