The World As We Know It: A Glimpse through Her Eyes
By the 1890s, ““pater familias”, meaning the male as head of the household and family”, was firmly imbedded in both British and Mexican culture (“Paterfamilias”).
During the Victorian Era, women often were forced to squander their entire lives conforming to the normalcy of the ideal Victorian woman. Despite Ibsen's bleak picture of how women are expected to behave, Ibsen’s play, A Doll’s House, focuses on female sovereignty held by women of heterogeneous socioeconomic backgrounds during the Victorian era. Through thick and thin, it is women like Mrs. Linde and Nora who carry the culture from generation to generation as oppose to men such as Torvald, who are focused solely on suppressing women's freedoms and opportunities. Similarly, "Under the 1884 Civil Code, Mexican women had no rights; even moving required a woman to legally obtain the permission of a male guardian: father, husband, brother, or son (“Like Water for Chocolate”).” As alluded to by Coventry Patmore in his poem, "The Angel in the House", the ideal women was expected to be submissive and devoted to her husband and family as a way to keep up appearances. Akin to their British counterparts, Mexican men during the pre-Mexican Revolution Era prevented women's rights, allotting all home-related responsibilities to women. During times of upheaval, even when men held all of the power in both the public domain and the privacy of the home, male fragility is exposed by female sovereignty because women uphold society.
Ibsen said, “A woman cannot be herself in the society of to-day, which is exclusively a masculine society, with laws written by men, and with accusers and judges who judge feminine conduct from the masculine standpoint.” Men of the Victorian Era held all of the power in both the privacy of the home and the public domain. However, even though men made decisions for society, creating laws for all its' inhabitants, men of A Doll's House are...
References: Fadanelli, Guillermo. “La literatura a la que estamos condenados.” Unomásuno (April 28, 1990):4.
"Like Water for Chocolate" World Literature and Its Times: Profiles of Notable Literary Works and the Historic Events That Influenced Them. 1999. Encyclopedia.com. 18 May. 2012 .
“Paterfamilias." Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com. Web. 02 June 2012. .
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