Jail and Prison

Topics: Prison, Criminal justice, Crime Pages: 4 (1043 words) Published: October 5, 2013


Jail and Prison
Daniel Luna
University of Phoenix
CJA/234
September 29th, 2013
Jay Manges

Jail and Prison
Confinement facilities in United States serve as the locations to keep criminals and suspected criminals away from the rest of society. The jail and prison systems have many similarities but have different missions in the correctional system. Jails, prisons, and the correctional system are constantly adapting to ensure safety to the public. The following will discuss jails and prison, history of prison, security levels within jails and prisons, and growth factors in jail and prisons. Jails play a critical role in today’s criminal justice and correctional system. “Jails are locally operated correctional facilities that confine people before or after adjudication” (Seiter, 2011). Most counties in the United States have a local jail. There are many reasons an individual can find themself in jail. Offenders that are sentenced to short terms are likely to serve their time in a jail opposed to a state or federal prison. Probation, parole, or bail bond violators will be held in jail. Individuals awaiting arraignment, awaiting trial or conviction and sentencing will be held in jail. Other ways jails can be used can be contempt of court, inmates pending transfer, and day reporting programs. “There are approximately 3,300 jails in the United States. These jails hold one-third of our country's 2 million inmates. During the last 20 years, the number of inmates in prisons and jails has increased dramatically” (American Correctional Association, 2000). Jails are important to the correctional system in America because there is a growing population of inmates. For example, in California, the county jails are becoming overcrowded because the state’s recent implementation of AB109. This assembly bill will push local county jails to their maximum capacities by relieving state populations and making the inmates county responsibility. State and federal...

References: American Correctional Association, Inc. (2000). The Importance of Jails. Retrieved from
http://www.thefreelibrary.com/The+Importance+of+Jails.-a066495964
California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. (2013). Reception and Classification Process. Retrieved from http://www.cdcr.ca.gov/Ombuds/Entering_a_Prison_FAQs.html
Federal Bureau of Prisons. (2013). Prison Types & General Information. Retrieved from http://www.bop.gov/locations/institutions/
Seiter, R. (2011). Corrections an introduction (3rd edition). Upper Saddle River, NJ:
Pearson/Prentice Hall.
University of Phoenix. (2011). CJi Interactive Multimedia. Retrieved from
http://ecampus.phoenix.edu/secure/aapd/UC/CJ/index.html
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